In a new workshop organized by the GPC (Global Confederation of Dried Pulses), the world problem of pea cultivation was addressed. On the side of the producing regions, there were speakers representing North America, the Black Sea area, Europe and Argentina as the representative of South America. On the demand side, representatives from China, India and Pakistan were present.
India was the main importer until 2017-2018, a period in which changes were made in the import conditions that brought the country to market status with a variable presence. This place was extensively covered by China, which had been growing continuously since 2010. Imports from the Asian giant exploded from that period and reached a volume of two million tons per year, with a projection of constant growth for the next five years.
On the other hand, from the global demand, the volumes necessary to supply the market with dairy and meat alternatives produced on the basis of vegetable proteins begin to be relevant. There, the peas play a key role given their high quality.
Argentina has an asset that much of the world envies at the moment. On the one hand, the growth area of the most important area worldwide, without affecting the production of other crops and the authorization to be able to export to China from the implementation of the corresponding phytosanitary protocols. In the middle of last April, the vegetable sector in Argentina received a historic news: the authorization came from China for seven national companies to start exporting peas to that market.
The conclusion reached by the experts who participated in a new meeting organized by the CPG is that the largest pea producers have a tight position.
Argentina has the endorsement of the Chinese Government and that is why it was estimated that it could show rapid growth, from the 110,000 tons (65,000 exported) that were produced last year, which could expand 20 percent in 2020.
The specialists’ estimates are that Argentina has the potential to increase its production to the point of being able to send at least 100,000 tons to China in the short term, a figure that is equivalent to just five percent of its imports.
Some 60,000 hectares of yellow pea are planted in Argentina, and that area could be doubled without problems within three years.